The topic of the diploma project addresses the theme of the historical areas’ revitalization, using a free plot for a contemporary intervention, as a mechanism of filling an urban void and the enhancement of the surrounding heritage. The location of the project is in the Historical Center of Bucharest.
In the perimeter of the Bucharest Historic Centre there are vacant plots that, through the surface they occupy, can significantly influence the character of the neighboring historical sub-areas. In order to preserve and enhance the cultural heritage of these parts of the urban fabric, architectural, urban and landscaping interventions are necessary.
The studied area is a traditional commercial area unique in Bucharest, with rarity value in Romania.
The studied urban area has a complex historical evolution, with different periods and characteristics that present dysfunctions that affect both the functionality of the area in relation to the city and its own character. The area is not brought to the level of current requirements and has suffered aggressions over time: demolition, degradation, abandonment, transformation, misuse, new interventions of poor quality, residents without financial means, without adequate housing traditions or new owners who intervene without the specialized assistance.
The objective of the project is to restore the identity of the historical center, currently altered by the massive presence of public food spaces that reduce the variety of the area and lead almost to a mono-functional profile, through the insertion of specific functions, according to the character obtained over time.
PRINCIPLES OF INTERVENTION FOR THE ENTIRE HISTORICAL CENTER
THE PARASITE BUILDINGS
I Identified all the urban gaps and constructions that are currently attacking the area and which do not comply with the status of protected area.
THE BLIND WALLS
I proposed to cover some of the blind-walls that, although they are part of the urban landscape characteristic of the area, there are also situations in which they become aggressive due to the high difference in height between the adjacent buildings.
THE NON-BUILT PLOTS
I propose transforming the non-built plots into new urban tissue structures, allowing the appropriate use of the potential of the area, in relation to the cultural values of the buildings and pub-lic spaces identified in the vicinity, in order to ensure their protection, development and conservation.
I proposed a cultural tourist routes that point out the high value elements of the area.
PRINCIPLES OF INTERVENTION ON THE STUDIED SITE
I proposed strategies to mitigate the scale and massiveness resulted from the conjugation of several plots. I Emphasized the main composition axes that are determined by the streets that virtually pierce the site, by taking directions and creating volumes and cuts in volumes in order to create controlled perspectives.
Further, I used two principles: integration and contrast
Integration at the exterior in the urban island:
- keeping the front boundary that spatially defines the entire surface of the plot
- preserving the inner courtyard typology specific to the area, maximizing the external surface of public space and using the enclosure as the main tool for articulating the spaces.
Contrast in the interior of the plot:
- between the predominantly full facades, with a regular rhythm towards the street and the transparent ones from the inside;
- between a small percentage of ground occupancy for maximizing the public court and the coefficient of land use and creating a predominantly public basement;
- relatively constant height at the cornice as opposed to a suite of platforms, at different levels in the courtyard.