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ECORIUM Local ecosystem research center

ECORIUM Local ecosystem research center

Authors: Ștefania Ciubuc

Tutor: conf. dr. arh. Horia Moldovan

Authors’ Comment

The Earth is and has been constantly changing, and the diversity of life forms is proof of the adaptation to these changes. Human activity can only dramatically accentuate and ultimately break the natural connection between change and adaptation.
Local ecosystems that form the global biosphere must be individually evaluated and analyzed in order to indentify and address each subsistem of the global climate system. All this information must be assimilated by all the inhabitants of these systems, in order to be able to reconfigure the way we interact with the environment they belong to.
Cities are vulnerable ecosystems, and protecting them becomes a priority. They are also the future and it only makes sense that climate change solutions should start from the same place.
Ecorium is a new, hybrid architecture program that includes a greenhouse for modeling an ideal environment with specimens from an unpolluted version of the local habitat to exemplify nature’s generosity in the absence of reckless human action, a research center to support the scientific activity and a pole of attraction in order to educate though live experiences.
For the development of the program, I identified a city with an environmental problem (Bucharest) and an endagered ecosystem, the one generated by the presence of Colentina system of lakes.
The choice of site was made by following specific characteristics such as the imminent ecological problem, the proximity of water, the natural environment with development potential compatible mixed functions in the area, visibility, accesibility, urban character and biodiversity.
The site is located in the eastern part of the city, at the waterfront of lake Colentina.
Given the activities it supports, the Ecorium is structured in three main parts: the greenhouse, the research center and the observation tower. The three of them form a system that hosts and supports the main activities sustain by the program, research and education.
The egg-shaped greenhouse has a steel structure also supported by the hot-air balloon effect of its light membrane. The concept grew from the notion of the “lost world” as a mirror of a perfect garden, such as Eden, with a moral message for every visitor: nature’s abundance and wealth should be treated with respect.
The research center is functionally structured to meet its scientific linear process: drones and hot air balloons carry in environmental data, which is processed and ultimately developed into a model of an unpolluted local ecosystem. The terraced façade allows greenery and architecture to intertwine. Inside, the museum on second floor visually includes the processes of the laboratory without disturbing it, in the same way the greenhouse is isolated from the city ecosystem, yet see-through.
The observation tower elevator is also powered by a hot air light gas balloon.
The whole site acts like a pod for landing hot air balloons, the least invasive way for scanning and probing the environment, and also an attraction for the public.
The relationship between the building and nature is one of synergy, seeking that in each situation, the architecture grows together with the nature, protecting the biome inside it.

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